Nursing Home Quality Care Collaborative Learning Series
Reform of Requirements for Long-Term Care Facilities
483.80 Infection Control
- Phase 1 - Implementation by 11/28/2016
- Infection Control Program
- Flu and Pneumonia Vaccines (reorganized under Infection Control)
- Phase 2 - Implementation by 11/28/2017
- Phase 3 - Implementation by 11/28/2019
Infection Preventionist with Specialized Training
Infection Prevention and Control Program:
A system for preventing, identifying, reporting, investigating, and controlling infection and communicable diseases for all residents, staff volunteers, visitors, and other individuals providing services under a contractual arrangements based upon the facility assessment and following accepted national standards. Written standards, policies, and procedures for the program, must include, but are not limited to the following components:
- A system of surveillance designed to identify possible communicable diseases or infections before they can spread to others in the facility
- When and to whom possible incidents of communicable disease or infections should be reported
- Standard and transmission-based precautions to be followed to prevent spread of infections
- When and how isolation should be used for a resident, including but not limited to:
- The type and duration of the isolation, depending upon the infectious agent or organism involved.
- A requirement that the isolation should be the least restrictive possible for the resident.
- The circumstances under which the facility must prohibit employees with a communicable disease or infected skin lesions from direct contact with resident or their food
- The hand hygiene procedures to be followed by staff involved in direct resident contact.
- A system for recording incidents identified under the facility’s IPCP and the corrective actions taken by the facility.
- An antibiotic stewardship program that includes antibiotic use protocols and a system to monitor antibiotic use (November 2017).
The facility must designate one or more individual(s) as the infection preventionist(s) (IPs) who are responsible for the facility’s IPCP (November 2019).
The IP must:
- Have primary professional training in nursing, medical technology, microbiology, epidemiology, or other related field.
- Be qualified by education, training, experience or certification.
- Work at least part-time at the facility.
- Have completed specialized training in infection prevention and control
- Participate on quality assessment and assurance committee.
The individual designated as the IP, must be a member of the facility’s quality assessment and assurance committee and report to the committee on the IPCP on a regular basis.
The facility must develop policies and procedures to ensure that:
- Before offering the influenza immunization, each resident or the resident representative receives education regarding the benefits and potential side effects of the immunization
- Each resident is offered an influenza immunization October 1 through March 31 annually, unless the immunization is medically contraindicated or the resident has already been immunized during this time period
- The resident or the resident’s representative has the opportunity to refuse immunization
- The resident’s medical record includes documentation that indicates, at a minimum:
- That the resident or resident’s representative was provided education regarding the benefits and potential side effect of influenza immunization.
- That the resident either received the influenza immunization or did not receive the immunization due to medical contraindications or refusal
Personnel must handle, store, process, and transport linens so as to prevent the spread of infection
The facility will conduct an annual review of its IPCP program and update their program as necessary
- Infection Prevention and Control Guidelines(MDH)
- CDC Prevention Toolkit
- Tips for Applying CDC’s Infection Surveillance Guidance in Long-term Care Facilities (LTCF)
- Tracking Infections in Long-term Care Facilities
- Assessment of Current CDI Prevention Activities Appropriate Cleaning/Disinfection of Equipment and the Environment
- Guidelines for Environmental Infection Control in Health-Care Facilities
- CDC Checklist of Core Elements of Antibiotic Stewardship in Nursing Homes
- CDC Creating a Culture to Improve Antibiotic Stewardship in Nursing Homes
- Assessment of Current CDI Prevention Activities Antibiotic Stewardship Checklist (CDC)
- CDC Influenza Toolkit for Long-Term Care
- Recommended immunization schedule for adults
- Vaccine protocols (MDH)